Publications

How should we respond to states that deliberately displace their own populations? Although rarely applied, four forms of complementary enforcement mechanisms already exist that could be used to limit and deter deliberate displacement by states. Generating political will to expand their use provides a direct way of ensuring that refugees and other forced migrants are better protected. Lire la suite
This paper considers how responsibility for ensuring refugee protection and access to solutions can be shared more reliably across and beyond the United Nations’ system and traditional humanitarian actors, as well as the role states can play in supporting a broader response from the UN system. Drawing upon a range of literature and concepts, including the Responsibility to Protect doctrine, it provides recommendations for how to more fully engage these other actors to improve the prevention of, response to and resolution of displacement. Lire la suite
Refugee crises are unfolding amid increasingly intensive use of information and communication technologies. Mobile phones are indispensable digital companions to many displaced people. Humanitarian organizations use biometrics, database and mobile payment systems, and artificial intelligence, aiming to streamline their services, enhance accountability and reduce costs. These technologies have arguably improved refugees’ lives, and by some measures, improved assistance, but they can also generate harms. Understanding the latest digital developments is critical for humanitarian leaders, public policy makers and academics in managing their shared responsibility of protecting refugees and internally displaced people. Lire la suite
In recent years, alongside the negotiations surrounding the New York Declaration and the Global Compact on Refugees, states, international organizations, civil society organizations and academics have put forward initiatives for more effective and equitable methods for sharing responsibility for refugees. This paper examines these proposals and programs, analyzing their strengths and limitations. It highlights opportunities associated with incorporating refugees within broader development or human mobility initiatives, while reiterating the need to preserve the principal humanitarian purpose of refugee protection and finding durable solutions. Lire la suite
The modern refugee regime lacks a clearly defined system of governance. This paper proposes a model for enhanced governance that could contribute to improved protection and solutions for refugees. Lire la suite
Using examples drawn from interviews with refugees who have arrived in Europe since 2013, and an analysis of the impacts of the 2016 EU-Turkey deal on migration, this paper analyzes how the vast amount of data collected from refugees is gathered, stored and shared today, and considers the additional risks this collection process poses to an already vulnerable population navigating a perilous information-decision gap. Lire la suite
Efforts are being made to use information and communications technologies to improve accountability in providing refugee aid but there remains a pressing need for increased accountability and transparency when designing and deploying humanitarian technologies. This paper outlines the challenges and opportunities presented by these emerging technologies for the refugee system. Lire la suite
The number of internally displaced persons is at a record high, with most living in protracted displacement. While the humanitarian response in emergency situations is more effective than a decade ago, overall governance remains weak. This paper address several questions: What governance gaps and challenges exist in responses to internal displacement? Are there promising new approaches to internal displacement? How can we build on these approaches to make responses more reliable and effective? Lire la suite
Parmi les recommandations qu’il fait dans son rapport final, intitulé Appel à l’action : Transformer le système mondial d’aide aux réfugiés, le CMR encourage les représentants des pays d’accueil, les pays donateurs qui affichent une attitude progressiste, les organisations de la société civile, les intervenants du secteur privé, les spécialistes ainsi que les réfugiés et les PDIP à former un nouveau réseau dynamique : le Réseau d’action mondial pour les personnes déplacées de force. Ce réseau devra être dynamique, souple, adaptable et, surtout, inclusif. Lire la suite
In theory, refugee situations are resolved through three “durable solutions” — voluntary repatriation, local integration in host states or resettlement to third countries — but these options have become increasingly elusive. This paper reviews recent developments, ideas and opportunities associated with the search for durable solutions. Lire la suite
This paper explores the ways in which refugee “voices” can be concretely translated into policy affecting refugees directly (most obviously through the policies of the UN Refugee Agency and other refugee-protection agencies and their implementation). The author makes four arguments: first, that incorporating refugee voices is ethically required; second, that besides being the right thing to do, it is also practically desirable; third, that taking refugee voices seriously can dramatically improve the effectiveness of policy implementation; and fourth, that refugee voices can greatly enhance the intelligence of policy and institutional design. Lire la suite
Lisez les points essentiels sur les 55 recommandations du rapport du Conseil Mondial pour les Réfugiés intitulé Appel à l’action : Transformer le système mondial d’aide aux réfugiés. Lire la suite
Refugee entrepreneurship has substantial benefits for the business owner and host community alike and can be facilitated through the establishment of supportive policies and initiatives; however, newcomers aspiring to begin their own businesses face several obstacles. This paper identifies some of these challenges and aims to provide a foundation on which further investigation, strategic planning and efforts to implement solutions could be based. Lire la suite
Traditional financing mechanisms for the global refugee system do not reflect current realities on the ground. Today’s trends of displacement call for new responses, and compact agreements are a promising model for achieving reform. Lire la suite
The global refugee system lacks a comprehensive and sustainable approach to responsibility sharing, in particular as it relates to the distribution of social and financial costs of hosting refugees and other forcibly displaced persons. Selective use of World Trade Organization-consistent trade measures offers the possibility of an economically sustainable and viable means of support for not only forcibly displaced persons but also the communities that host them. Lire la suite
Disponible en anglais seulement. More than 1.6 million Venezuelans have fled the country since 2015, and with no end in sight for Venezuela’s economic, humanitarian and governance crisis, the forced migration challenge will only grow. Lire la suite
This paper examines xenophobia in the refugee context, exploring its definition and many complex aspects, including its roots, expressions, impacts and key challenges. The author outlines the lessons that successful efforts in combatting xenophobia offer those involved in research and advocacy, and recommends actions ranging from holding states and individual leaders accountable, to strategically using media campaigns and improving coordination at international, national and local levels. Lire la suite
Understanding the impacts of hosting refugees is at the centre of crafting responses that minimize the costs and risks assumed by host countries and communities, maximize the protection available to refugees, and utilize resources efficiently and effectively. Since the early 1980s, there have been numerous efforts to measure the costs and benefits associated with hosting refugees. This paper summarizes some of this literature and highlights the lessons from these efforts. Lire la suite
Disponible en anglais seulement. This paper explores the international refugee regime’s failure, despite significant international law and policy developed over the past 30 years, to meet the protection needs of refugee women and girls and to promote gender equality in policy and service provision. The authors propose ways to address structural and operational problems so that meaningful change can occur. Lire la suite
Today, more than 60 percent of all refugees and 80 percent of all internally displaced persons are living in urban areas. This paper assesses the characteristics of the urban displacement crisis and identifies challenges and opportunities confronting cities, challenging myths associated with the “refugee burden” and offering preliminary recommendations for stepping up international, national and municipal cooperation. Lire la suite
Many commentators have suggested that the displacement of people across international borders is caused by a lack of “political will,” and that refugee situations could be averted, mitigated or resolved if only such will existed. However, there has been little serious analysis as to what “political will” means and how to generate and sustain it in a refugee context. This paper is an initial attempt to address these neglected issues. Lire la suite
Le nombre de réfugiés et de personnes déplacées internes (PDI) à l’échelle mondiale dépasse les 70 millions et ne cesse de croître. L’élaboration d’un cadre juridique, social et financier plus efficace pour répondre aux besoins urgents de ces gens exige une nouvelle façon de penser. En anglais seulement. Lire la suite
La responsabilisation fait défaut à toutes les étapes du cycle relatif aux réfugiés — en amont, où les flux de réfugiés sont déclenchés dans la violence et en toute impunité par des régimes criminels et des acteurs non étatiques; ainsi qu’en aval, où les gouvernements se dérobent à leurs engagements découlant de traités et à leurs obligations morales pour faire des gains politiques. En anglais seulement. Lire la suite
Le Conseil mondial pour les réfugiés (CMR) a été créé pour tabler sur les rencontres tenues par les Nations Unies à New York, en septembre 2016, qui ont donné lieu à l’adoption à l’unanimité de la Déclaration de New York pour les réfugiés et les migrants. La création du CMR visait aussi à permettre la formulation de nouvelles approches audacieuses pour la transformation du système de protection des réfugiés. L’accent est mis sur les problèmes liés au partage des responsabilités, à la gouvernance et aux finances. Le CMR publie ce rapport provisoire, ainsi que des documents de discussion et des rapports de recherche, afin d’accroître la sensibilisation à ces enjeux et de favoriser l’émergence d’idées novatrices en vue d’une réforme destinée à changer des vies. En anglais seulement. Lire la suite